The brain is apparently one of the most powerful yet crucial parts of the body. One blow to the head may cause a dire impact to your life in a span of time or even longer. Hence, you need to be careful at all times to avoid brain injury like concussion.
A concussion is a mild but traumatic type of brain injury after a fall or accident. Most sport professionals like boxers and football players are more inclined to get a concussion. Though this injury is not life-threatening, it can cause an altered physical and mental state. Unlike contusion where there are physical bruises, concussion can be silently dangerous as there are no visible signs of brain injury. So, if you accidentally hit your head and shake the brain inside, here are the possible signs that you are having a concussion and how you can treat it.
Signs and Symptoms
Actually, you don’t have to lose consciousness or forget memories to have a concussion. Every concussion is different― some people may have obvious symptoms, some won’t have. Here are the usual symptoms that you should not disregard.
- Blurred vision
- Loss of consciousness
- Memory problems
- Ringing in the ears
- Unclear communication
- Delayed responses
These are some of the immediate signs of a person having a concussion. Some may also experience others symptoms in the long run that include:
- Sleep disturbances
- Loss of coordination
- Personality changes
- Sense of taste and smell disorders
- Psychological alterations
In case of babies, it may be hard to distinguish if the child has a concussion or not as they don’t exhibit visible characteristics like that of an adult such as normal walking or clear speech. For babies, the symptoms ranges from vomiting to drowsiness, along with large head bumps and excessive crying.
Knowing if you have a concussion or if your loved one is having one, it is best to take note of the symptoms at hand to treat it immediately. Normally, it can be treated with rest, over-the-counter pain relievers and healthier diet. Most people recover from a concussion after few hours, but for some it may take several weeks or even months to fully recuperate. The recovery time varies depending on the impact and your physical health. During the span of concussion, the level of brain chemicals changes. Thus, if you are dealing with symptoms that are seriously affecting your daily living, it is best to see a doctor. To check if there are serious injuries, a CT scan or MRI scan is generally required or electroencephalogram for those experiencing seizures and eye test for visual changes.
Often, concussion can only cause temporary brain damage, but take extra caution for the younger ones. Seek assistance from a medical professional, especially if your baby passes out after the head incident. The brain is now more sensitive to injury so make sure to avoid strenuous physical activities that may add more damage to it. Accordingly, concussion may act as a serious symptom for an underlying and more severe sickness such as fatal brain swelling.