Stay inside your car or tent. When the snow starts piling up and it becomes clear that you’re stuck on the road or your campsite, your best bet is to stay there. Venturing out in the winter increases the mortality rate in this type of situation, since visibility is usually close to zero and the temperature and wind are unpredictable its not worth the risk. Hunker down and plan to wait out the storm.
If you’re with other people, do not send a person out for help. This is extremely risky and is not likely to end well. It’s important to stay together until the storm has passed or you’re rescued.
If you’re stuck outside without a car or tent, it’s imperative that you find some sort of shelter. Seek out a cave or an overhang, or look for a tarp or other materials you can use to fashion a shelter. If all else fails, build a snow cave to serve as insulation.
Keep warm and dry. Keep the windows rolled up or the tent flap closed while you’re inside. Wrap your coat, blanket, tarp, or any other type of material you have with you around your body to stay warm and to prevent frostbite. If you’re with another person, use each other’s body heat, too.
If you’re out in the wilderness, build a fire close by to keep warm and serve as a signal to attract attention.
If you’re in the car, let the engine run with the heat on to stay warm. However, it’s very important that you don’t keep the engine running if the exhaust pipe clogs with snow; this could lead to carbon monoxide poisoning, which is deadly.
Stay hydrated. This is a very important way to keep your body healthy while you’re trapped. If you don’t have a water supply, stay hydrated by melting snow and drinking it. Put some in a container and melt it using the fire you built or your car’s heater.
Do not eat snow. This is harmful to the body. Melt the snow and drink it instead.
If you have food, ration it to make it last over several days. Do not eat full meals
Things to bring in your car for emergencies
A spare charged cell phone will allow you to call 9-1-1 in a pinch. Keep this wrapped up in the blankets so that it’ll be likely to survive a crash without suffering irrepairable damage.
Flares will help rescuers see you. If they’re searching and all they can see is white, a flare will make all the difference in your discovery.
A wind-up radio lets you keep tab with the weather regardless of whether or not you have electricity in your car. A simple winding will do the trick and let you know when conditions have improved and what the state of roads are.
A first aid kit will be vital if someone is hurt in an accident. Perhaps just as important is knowledge of how to use it, because knowing how to apply a leg splint can be very, very important in such a moment.
Extra winter clothes will help you keep warm, especially if you need to leave the vehicle. Layers are key the more layers of clothes you can put on, the warmer you’ll be down at the surface of your skin.
Jumper cables come in extraordinarily handy on cold mornings when your car doesn’t start. Quite often, it’s the result of a battery that became overly cold overnight and can be started with the help of another vehicle and some jumper cables.
A bag of sand not only adds weight to your car (improving traction) but can be spread to help you get traction if you get stuck in a bad position.
An ice scraper preferably one with a brush to help remove snow comes in constant handy throughout the winter. Without it, it will be very difficult to keep your windows cleared.
Flashlights allow you to see what’s going on and also aid in signaling help. Although flashlights operated by human action exist, they’re not very bright get one with a very bright bulb and make sure it’s charged.
A small tool kit can allow you to fix minor problems yourself on your car. Make sure you have everything you need to (at least) change a tire and loosen or tighten some bolts.
Extra batteries for the flashlight and the radio (assuning you don’t have a wind-up one) are vital. The last thing you want to do is to get stuck, pull out the radio or the flashlight, flip ’em on, and find that they don’t work.
These tools will help you survive almost any winter weather accident, no matter how bad the storm. By keeping warm and safe and making sure that you can signal to help, you’re doing everything you can to ensure your future.
Here is his advice: if your car is stuck
Immediately ensure that the exterior exhaust on the car is clear of snow so you don’t get carbon monoxide buildup in the car.
Once you find yourself stuck in your car in a snowstorm, the best thing to do is stay put (unless you see a building nearby).
Then turn the car off. Turn it on every once in a while to heat it up, and then turn it back off to conserve gas.
Continue to check the tailpipe each time you turn the heater on.
Some of the ways to keep warm in the car are doing various exercises. Just do a set of pushups or flutter kicks every once in a while.
You also need to stay hydrated while you are out there. If you don’t have water in the car, you will need to melt snow. The more hydrated you are, the warmer you will be.
Keep your seatbelt on, and put on your hazard lights. Even if you’re pulled over, people can still hit you.
Turn on your hazard lights or place roadside flares near your car to alert other drivers and/or potential rescuers that you are there.
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This articles was for educational use only and you should consult with a trained emergency professional for advice in any of the above circumstances.
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