Spread in 599.6 square miles, Houston, Texas is home of more than 2.239 million people. Ranked number one in the largest cities of the southern United States, the city has already been declared as the most populous city in Texas.Houston also ranks number four for its population in the whole United States.
Houston was founded on 28 August 1836. The barren land then became an incorporated city on 5 June 1837. The name is taken from the name of General Sam Houston, who was the president of the Republic of Texas at that time. Houston has become a great tourist spot in the recent years; the city is equipped with all types of adventurous, educational and beautiful parks and museums which are famous throughout the world.
With August as it’s warmest and January as the coldest months of the year, Houston is a humid subtropical region. The annual precipitation of Houston measures about to be 49.77 inches and makes it a somewhat humid place. The city occasionally sees flooding, thunderstorms, and sometimes even tropical cyclones that do an enormous amount of damage to the city. The last small scale disaster that hit the city was back in 2008, which was a hyper hurricane.
Houston started as a slave depot of Texas; it was in 1836 when Augustus Chapman Allen and John Kirby Allen bought 6,642 acres of land along the Buffalo Bayou with the intention of converting the land into a city someday. The first generation that ever lived there were the slaves with their owner who came from the old states. The area soon became a trading spot for the slave, indulging in illegal business and rackets. In 1860, about 49% of the city’s population consisted of the slaves that mostly belong from Africa. In just a small span of ten years i.e. from 1850 to 1860, the number of slaves boomed from 58,00 to 182,566 with the increase in the trade from this newly established town. Later in the century, proper councils for the regulation of rights and laws were set up that helped in controlling these outraged conditions.
Culture of Houston:
Houston successfully emerged as a multicultural city having a community backed up by the third largest concentration offices in the United States with the assistance of 86 major power nations. The city is also known as the “Space City” due to the NASA’s Lyndon B.Johnson Space Center. In fact “Houston” is the first word ever spoken on the moon. The city has many other nicknames also that include, “H-Town,” “Clutch City,” and “Magnolia City.”
The city listens about 90 different languages. Some places in Houston have high populations of Vietnamese and Chinese residents which constitute to the hundreds of Chinese signboards that are seen in the area. The city has two Chinatowns located in East Downtown and the other in the south-west area of the city.
The present day Houston has four major bayous, which spread across the city. These include;
The Buffalo Bayous which runs through downtown and the Houston Ship Channel, this has three tributaries that are:
White Oak Bayou that goes through the Houston Heights community, present in the north-west of the Downtown; Brays Bayou that runs along the infamous Texas Medical Center and the last that is the Sims Bayou that runs throughout the South and Downtown, Houston. The ship channel continues to past Galveston and then into the Gulf Mexico that provides real import and export advantages to Houston.
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